Protest the Air Force Association (AFA) “Arms Bazaar”–September 17, 2019: Noon–1:30 PM

When: Tuesday, September 17, 2019, from 12 Noon – 1:30 p.m. 

What: A Nonviolent Vigil and Prayer Service for Peace and Justice during the AFA “Arms Bazaar.” As we undertake this vigil, we do so in solidarity with Campaign Nonviolence, who will be sponsoring a week-long series of actions nationwide from September 14-22. Nearly 3,000 actions are taking place in the U.S. and abroad as part of this campaign. For more info see: https://paceebene.org/campaign-nonviolence/

Where: Gaylord National Resort and Convention Center, 201 Waterfront St., National Harbor, MD 20745.  We will meet for the vigil at the corner of Waterfront St. and St. George Blvd., directly across from the Gaylord National Resort (See Directions Below)

Sponsored by the Dorothy Day Catholic Worker

For more info contact: Art Laffin – 202-360-6416, artlaffin@hotmail.com

 

Why are deadly weapons being sold to those who plan to inflict untold suffering on individuals and society? Sadly, the answer, as we all know, is simply for money: money that is drenched in blood, often innocent blood. In the face of this shameful and culpable silence, it is our duty to confront the problem and to stop the arms trade.”                                                                                                                                    –Pope Francis, September 24, 2015 Speech to the U.S. Congress

Dear Friends, 

From September 16-18, the Gaylord National Resort and Convention Center is once again playing host to the Air Force Association (AFA) “Air, Space and Cyber Conference” what we call an “Arms Bazaar.” The AFA, according to its web site, is “the voice for aerospace power and the Air Force family.” Last year’s theme for the AFA Arms Bazaar was: “Multi-Domain Operations: Leveraging the Full Spectrum.” This year’s theme is “Expanding the Competitive Edge.” (see below more info) Over 130 exhibitors taking part in this years Arms Bazaar have played a prominent role in U.S. warmaking. Arms contractors like Lockheed Martin, Boeing, General Dynamics, Northrop Grumman, Raytheon and BAE, are profiting from war and literally are making a killing! But that’s not all. The Pentagon and numerous arms dealers are committed to U.S. nuclear/military/cyber superiority and militarizing and controlling space.

As the source of approximately 36 percent of the world’s military exports, the U.S. is the worlds largest arms supplier, according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute see: https://www.sipri.org/media/press-release/2019/global-arms-trade-usa-increases-dominance-arms-flows-middle-east-surge-says-sipri

The U.S. exported arms to at least 98 countries in the past five years; these deliveries often included advanced weapons such as combat aircraft, short-range cruise and ballistic missiles, and large numbers of guided bombs. Of the 25 countries buying the most weapons from the U.S., 10 are either NATO member nations or part of other alliances formed with the U.S. since the Cold War. In 2017 the U.S. set a one year record for clearing weapons sales of $75.9 billion. 

The biggest recipient of U.S. arms sales is Saudi Arabia. The Saudi’s have been using weapons from arms contractors like Lockheed Martin to kill innocent Yemenis, including scores of children. 

More than half (52 percent) of U.S. arms exports went to the Middle East in 2014–18. U.S. arms sales in the Middle East are fueling widespread wars in the region, as the U.S. continues its quest to destroy ISIS. 

In concert with weapons contractors participating in the AFA Arms Bazaar, the U.S. is engaged in direct military intervention in Iraq, Afghanistan and Syria, continues its military support for the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza, proceeds with its military “pivot” in the Asia-Pacific to threaten and contain China, and wages its killer drone attacks. During this past year there have been U.S. drone strikes in Pakistan, Afghanistan, Yemen and Somalia.

In its pursuit to dominate space, the Trump Administration is creating a “Space Force,” a new branch of the U.S. military. In an August 29th ceremony formally establishing the Space Force, Mr. Trump called the command’s creation a “landmark moment” in protecting America’s assets in space and said it would help “defend America’s vital interest in space, the next warfighting domain, and I think that’s pretty obvious to everybody. It’s all about space.” 

The U.S. government also continues with its “Missile Defense” deployments encircling China and Russia, constituting a flagrant violation of its Anti-Ballistic missile treaty with Russia. 

Today the U.S. possess over 6,000 nuclear weapons, many of which are on hair-trigger alert, and proposes to spend an estimated $1 trillion over the next 30 years to modernize its existing nuclear arsenal. The Pentagon also announced in June a new nuclear war doctrine: “Nuclear Operations.” This doctrine is designed to fulfill the Trump Administration’s quest for nuclear-war-fighting “flexibility.”

The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists has turned its “Doomsday Clock” to 2 minutes before midnight to signify the perilous situation facing the world due to the dangers of nuclear war and the climate crisis. This peril has been exacerbated by contradictory and belligerent comments by a U.S. president who has threatened to attack Iran, as well as by the U.S. conducting a sub-critical nuclear test in February, and withdrawing from the Iran Nuclear Deal and the INF Treaty with Russia. As a leading nuclear superpower, the U.S. practices a double standard by calling on other nations to disarm while, at the same time, it refuses to disarm and instead is rapidly expanding its own arsenal. The U.S. military is also the world’s single biggest consumer of fossil fuels which is directly responsible for destabilizing the earth’s climate. 

On July 7, 2017, at the conclusion of a special “UN Conference To Negotiate a Legally Binding Instrument to Prohibit Nuclear Weapons,” 122 countries voted in favor of historic treaty to legally prohibit nuclear weapons. To date 26 countries have ratified it. We call on the U.S., the only country to have ever used nuclear weapons, to endorse this treaty and to lead the way to total worldwide nuclear disarmament. 

During its three day Arms Bazaar, the AFA is sponsoring over 30 forums addressing how the U.S. can refine its warmaking apparatus and cyber capability so it can dominate earth and space. On September 16, the AFA will hold a $300+ per plate banquet honoring outstanding airmen, and on September 18, it will have another similar banquet celebrating the birthday of the AFA. We decry the AFA Arms Bazaar for what it is: a scandalous affront to God, a theft from the poor, and a threat to people and the environment worldwide! 

The victims cry out for justice, and the earth, under daily assault, groans in travail! Who will speak for the poor and the victims, as arms dealers reap huge profits from their lethal weapons and death technology? Who will protect our sacred earth and environment? We urgently need, more than ever, to nonviolently resist all war, racism, oppression and violence– from Yemen, Iraq, Afghanistan and Gaza, to Ferguson, Charlottesville, D.C. and elsewhere. Together, let us continue to do all we can to establish the Beloved Community, end the climate crisis, eradicate poverty and create a world free of nuclear and conventional weapons, killer drones, war, racial hatred and oppression. In the name of God, who calls us to love and not to hate, demonize and kill, it’s time to end this Arms Bazaar!

Please join with members of the Dorothy Day Catholic Worker, Pax Christi and other peacemakers as we seek to say YES to Life and a resounding NO to the merchants of death and war profiteers.

With gratitude, 

Art Laffin

https://www.afa.org/events/calendar/2019-09-16/air-space-cyber-conference


Directions and Public Transport Info to Gaylord National Resort and Convention Center

Directions from Downtown D.C., Parking and Meeting Place

Take 395 South (off of New York Ave. or Constitution Ave. at 9th St. NW) Merge onto 295 South via exit on left (crossing into Maryland) – 7.4 miles. Take the exit toward National Harbor. Take ramp to National Harbor Blvd. Bear left on National Harbor Blvd. and go two blocks to St. George Blvd. Make a right on St. George Blvd. Go to one block before Waterfront St. and look for street meter parking. Also St. George Parking Garage is on right in case you can’t find street parking (just past the cross street called Mariner Passage). The garage is one block before Waterfront St., where the Gaylord National Resort is located. We will meet for the vigil at the corner of Waterfront St. and St. George Blvd. directly across from the Gaylord National Resort. If you are coming from Maryland or Virginia use Map Quest for the most precise route to the Gaylord.

Public Transportation
If you would like to use public transportation, take the Green Line to Branch Ave. Get off at Branch Ave. and take the NH1 National Harbor bus line. This bus takes you to the corner of St. George Blvd. and Waterfront St. across from the Gaylord National Resort. Call 202-637-7000 and select “ride guide” for best directions. Or go WMATA web site.

Published in: on September 7, 2019 at 12:04 pm  Leave a Comment  

September 6, 2019 Clarification of Thought Program at Dorothy Day Catholic Worker with Anas Jnena

A Gaza Testimony

Speaker: Anas Jnena

Date: Friday, September 6, 2019 @ 7:30 p.m.
Place: Dorothy Day Catholic Worker: 503 Rock Creek Church Rd. NW, Washington, DC, 20010

Anas Jnena was born in Gaza and last year came to the United States on a United Nations internship. Anas was an English literature major and is a writer and poet. He is currently residing as a guest in Washington as he seeks asylum.
Anas will present two short films, “6 Miles” which depicts the way in which the Israeli blockade of Gaza is limiting and ruining the fishing economy of Gazans. Anas participated in the filming and production of this short documentary.

“I Want You To Know” is a short film about Anas which he produced with a film maker about his daily life in Gaza. The film shows in lst person narrative, Anas telling his story, sharing his joys, his challenges and pain in a walk around Gaza and sharing his daily life with the audience.
Please join us!

For more info contact the Dorothy Day Catholic Worker: 202-882-9649, artlaffin@hotmail.com

Published in: on August 30, 2019 at 11:02 am  Leave a Comment  

Basilica Petition

Please consider signing this petition:

https://www.ipetitions.com/petition/stop-displaying-us-flag-on-national-shrine

Published in: on August 29, 2019 at 2:52 pm  Leave a Comment  

Report of Aug. 9, 2019 Hiroshima and Nagasaki Commemoration White House Witness

Dear Friends, 

Some 40 peacemakers, representing about a dozen religious communities, held a special Hiroshima and Nagasaki Commemoration Prayer Service of Repentance outside the White House from Noon-1:00 p.m. today, the 74th anniversary of the U.S. Nuclear Bombing of Nagasaki.

We were honored to have with us Ms. Michiko Kodama, who, at age 7, experienced the Hiroshima atomic bombing. At 82, she is now the Assistant Secretary General of the Japan Confederation of A-and H-Bomb Sufferers Organizations.

Here is an excerpt of the moving and harrowing testimony, Ms. Kodoma offered during the prayer service of repentance: 

“On Aug. 6, 1945 I was seven years old, a second grader in primary school of Hiroshima. I was inside the wooden school building. Suddenly I felt a blinding flash. The next moment, the ceiling of the building collapsed and sharp splinters of windowpanes flew all around. On my way home, carried on the back of my father who came to the school to find me, I witnessed hell on earth. I saw a man with his skin burned heavily, peeling and dangling. A mother with heavy burns carrying a baby, which was burned black and looking like charcoal. Others with their eyeballs pooped out or holding their protruding intestines in their hands frantically ran around, trying to escape. 

The atom bombs dropped on Hiroshima on Aug. 6-9 and Nagasaki on Aug. 9 instantly killed so many people, and those who barely survived those days would eventually die one after another from the delayed effects of radiation. The atomic bombs did not allow the Hibakusha either to die or live as humans.

The Hibakusha who miraculously lived out those days had to suffer from survivors guilt and hellish scenes, sounds, voices and smells burned in their mind, while struggling to make a living and facing prejudice and discrimination from the world.. Hibakusha’s suffering is deep and still persisting. Even after 74 years, “that day” will continue to haunt them. I feel deep regret that I lost my parents, two younger brothers and even my daughter.

So that no one in the world should ever experience that hell on earth, the Hibakusha have traveled around the world to witness the damage and aftereffects of the atomic bombing, appealing, “No More Hibikusha”…and “Abolish nuclear weapons.” 

Our appeals seem to have reached the international community. The “unacceptable suffering and damage” caused by the use of nuclear weapons and the “intolerable damage from the A-bomb” have been accepted widely. This current eventually bore fruit at the U.N Conference which adopted the “Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons” in July 2017… In order to protect the planet without wars for our future generations, let’s work together to abolish nuclear weapons.”

After Ms. Kodama spoke red roses were placed on a dozen photos of the A-Bomb victims and destroyed cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki that were displayed on the street in front of the White House. These photos, along with other signs and banners, formed a makeshift shrine to the victims. Then Ms. Kodama was presented with a dozen white roses. This was followed by the gathered community reading an Apology Petition to the people Japan. 

Below is the program for the rest of the prayer service, which includes the Apology Petition.  Also please see the excellent photos that were taken by Scott Wright.

Today is also the anniversaries of the martrydom of St. Edith Stein and Blessed Franz Jagerstatter. We call them into our presence today and give thanks to God for their courageous Gospel witness! 

In the name of God who commands us to love and not to kill, and to beat all our weapons into plowshares; in the name of all nuclear victims and the Hibakusha; in the name of the children and future generations; in the name our sacred earth and all creation, let us redouble our efforts to ensure that the mortal sin of nuclear weapons being used never happens again!

With hope for a disarmed world,

Art

(more…)

Published in: on August 10, 2019 at 10:59 pm  Leave a Comment  

Report of August 6 Hiroshima Commemoration Witness at Pentagon — Peacemakers Hold a Liturgy of Repentance and Resistance–Two Risk Arrest But Are Not Arrested– NCR Article by Art

SHADOW ON THE ROCK 

by Daniel Berrigan, SJ

At Hiroshima there’s a museum 

and outside that museum there’s a rock, 

and on that rock there’s a shadow. 

That shadow is all that remains 

of the human being who stood there on August 6, 1945 

when the nuclear age began. 

In the most real sense of the word, 

that is the choice before us. 

We shall either end war and the nuclear arms race now in this generation,

or we will become Shadows On the Rock. 

 

Dear Friends,

Today, August 6 (the feast of Transfiguration), from 7:30-8:30 AM 10 peace and justice makers from the faith-based peace community in D.C., Virginia and Maryland, held a prayer witness of repentance at the Pentagon to commemorate the 74th anniversary of the U.S. nuclear bombing of Hiroshima and to call for the abolition of nuclear weapons. This witness was organized by the Dorothy Day Catholic Worker. 

We gathered for our Liturgy of Repentance in the Pentagon police designated protest zone which is located in an enclosed space behind a bicycle fence on the southeast corner of the Pentagon near the south parking lot. As hundreds of civilian and military workers streamed into the Pentagon, they saw our sign and large banner: “U.S. Nuclear Bombing of Hiroshima, August, 6, 1945—Repent,” and: “Remembering the Pain, Repenting the Sin, Reclaiming the Future—Aug. 6-9 Hiroshima & Nagasaki.” The banner also depicted a drawing of an A-Bomb child victim.  Powerful, harrowing photos of Hiroshima victims and the destruction of Hiroshima were also displayed. 

The prayer service began with a statement/prayer which Marie Dennis and I offered (see below). We all then read the “Apology Petition” to the people of Japan that was shared and presented three years ago to Mr. Mimaki, a Hiroshima Hibakusha, during our August 6, 2016 White House commemoration witness. Over 700 people signed the petition. At the conclusion of this petition I sang the A-Bomb Survivors song. 

Dan Moriarty then read the Gospel account of the transfiguration of Jesus, which was followed by Jack McHale and Ken Cooper offering a Litany of Repentance and community prayers. Malachy Kilbride read Dan Berrigan’s poem: “Shadow on the Rock.”  We then sang “I Come and Stand.”  

At about 8:10, to mark the time of the U.S. nuclear bombing of Hiroshima, Malachy Kilbride and I walked outside the designated protest zone to the Pentagon sidewalk holding a photo of the destroyed city of Hiroshima with the caption “NO MORE HIROSHIMAS,” and a sign that said: “U.S.–RATIFY THE U.N. TREATY TO PROHIBIT NUCLEAR WEAPONS NOW!”  As we knelt in silence, Pentagon workers and soldiers walked by us. Rev. Chuck Booker led a prayer and song during this time from the designated protest area. To our surprise the police on duty, whom we had exchanged friendly greetings before the vigil and who remarked that our numbers were small, kept close watch over us from several yards away. But they never approached us to instruct us to return to the designated protest area or face arrest. This was very unusual as almost always, with several exceptions, Pentagon police quickly arrest peacemakers who witness outside the designated protest zone. After 20 minutes, it became clear that the police, for reasons unknown,  were not going to arrest us. So Malachy and I rejoined the others for a closing circle. 

In short, the intent of this witness is to remember the victims, to uphold and proclaim God’s command, “Thou shalt not kill” and those International laws and treaties which prohibit nuclear weapons, not to break the law. We act to prevent a crime, not to commit a crime. We demand that the powers that be cease its immoral and criminal nuclear war preparations, uphold God’s law, ratify the U.N. Treaty to Prohibit Nuclear Weapons and abolish war and all weapons of war! The time is now to heed the urgent appeal of the Hibakusha (A-Bomb Survivors):

Humankind can’t coexist with nuclear weapons!”

At this time, as we witness in solidarity with people around the world calling for nuclear abolition, we remember in a special way the Kings Bay Plowshares 7 who will have an important pre-trial court hearing in the U.S. District Court in Brunswick, Georgia tomorrow, Aug. 7.  The hearing will included the KBP7 offering oral arguments regarding why they should be allowed to use the Religious Freedom Restoration Act in their defense. The KBP7 face 25 years in prison for their April 4, 2018 plowshares witness to disarm the Trident nuclear submarine program at the Kings Bay Naval Submarine Base in St. Mary’s, Georgia. For more info see: https://kingsbayplowshares7.org/

For those who are local, please join us on Friday, August 9th from Noon – 1:00 PM, where there will be a Prayer Service of Repentance outside the White House to commemorate the U.S. nuclear bombing of Nagasaki and to call for the abolition of all nuclear weapons. We have invited a Hiroshima survivor to join with us for this witness. Due to construction of the new scandalous $64 million White House fence being constructed, we will meet on the north side of the White House on Pennsylvania Ave.–across from Lafayette Park–to the left of the fenced off construction area as you face the White House. 

Co-Sponsors for the August 6-9 commemoration witness include: Pax Christi Metro-DC, Pax Christi USA, Columban Center for Advocacy and Outreach, Maryknoll Office for Global Concerns, the Sisters of MercyInstitute Justice Team, Franciscan Action Network, Assisi Community, Jonah House, Congregation of Our Lady of Charity of the Good Shepherd–U.S. Provinces, Conference of Major Superiors of Men–Justice and Peace, Leadership Conference of Women Religious–Social Mission

Finally, the National Catholic Reporter published today a piece I wrote to commemorate the Aug. 6-9 U.S. nuclear bombings of Japan. Please see:  https://www.ncronline.org/news/opinion/remember-repent-resist-74-years-bombing-hiroshima-and-nagasaki

With hope for a disarmed world,

Art

HiroshimaCommemoration2019


Opening Statement/Prayer at Aug. 6th Pentagon Prayer of Repentance

Response: We Repent for the Nuclear Sin-Abolish Nuclear Weapons Now 

Good Morning to all who work here at the Pentagon. We, members of the Dorothy Catholic Worker and other religious communities, come to the Pentagon in a spirit of Gospel nonviolence, to commemorate the U.S. nuclear bombings of Japan, to repent the nuclear sin and to  create a world without weapons of mass murder and war. 

We Repent for the Nuclear Sin-Abolish Nuclear Weapons Now

Thomas Merton, in his “Original Child Bomb,” describes the firepower, death and destruction that was unleashed on Hiroshima:”The bomb exploded within 100 feet of the aiming point. The fireball was 18,000 feet across. The temperature at the center of the fireball was 100,000,000 degrees. The people who were near the center became nothing. The whole city was blown to bits and the ruins all caught fire instantly everywhere, burning briskly.  70,000 people were killed right away or died within a few hours. Those who did not die at once suffered great pain.”

We Repent for the Nuclear Sin-Abolish Nuclear Weapons Now

The powers that be want us to believe that nuclear weapons were used to save American lives and end WWII. This is a fallacy! Both General Eisenhower, and Admiral Leahy, head of the Joint Chiefs Of Staff, opposed using the atomic bomb. They declared that Japan was already defeated and on the verge of surrender and, as Eisenhower stated, “that dropping the bomb was completely unnecessary” and “no longer mandatory as a measure to save American lives.”

We Repent for the Nuclear Sin-Abolish Nuclear Weapons Now

According to Gar Alperovitz, in his compelling book, Atomic Diplomacy, nuclear weapons were used against the Japanese primarily for two reasons: “first, the U.S. wanted to hasten its victory over Japan without the aid of the Russians, who were about to enter the war; second, and most importantly, President Truman intended to threaten the Russians and warn them not to challenge U.S. plans for organizing the postwar world.”

We Repent for the Nuclear Sin-Abolish Nuclear Weapons Now

The U.S. has never repented for the use of these barbarous weapons of indiscriminate mass murder. The violence unleashed at Hiroshima set in motion a trajectory of unrelenting violence by the U.S. in the wars of aggression that it has waged over the last seven decades in many countries, claiming untold lives. Moreover, the U.S. has continued to build even deadlier weapons which endanger all of creation. Beginning with the Manhattan Project in 1940, the U.S. has spent over $10 trillion on its nuclear weapons program. Today the U.S. possess over 6,000 nuclear weapons, many of which are on hair-trigger alert, and proposes to spend an estimated $1 trillion over the next 30 years to modernize its existing nuclear arsenal. This includes the W76-2 Trident nuclear warhead, which is designed to carry a relatively small destructive payload of five kilotons, far less than the 100 kiloton thermonuclear warheads with which Trident missiles are currently armed. This reduction fulfills the Trump administration’s quest for nuclear-war-fighting “flexibility,” as outlined in the Pentagon’s new nuclear war doctrine titled “Nuclear Operations.” This deadly venture not only endangers the world but represents a direct theft from the poor of our nation and world. 

We Repent for the Nuclear Sin-Abolish Nuclear Weapons Now

The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists has turned its “Doomsday Clock” to 2 minutes before midnight to signify the perilous situation facing the world due to the dangers of nuclear war and the climate crisis. This peril has been exacerbated by contradictory and belligerent comments by a U.S. president who has threatened to attack Iran, as well as by the U.S. conducting a sub-critical nuclear test in February, and withdrawing from the Iran Nuclear Deal and the INF Treaty with Russia. As a leading nuclear superpower, the U.S. practices a double standard by calling on other nations to disarm while, at the same time, it refuses to disarm and instead is rapidly expanding its own arsenal.

We Repent for the Nuclear Sin-Abolish Nuclear Weapons Now

On July 7, 2017, at the conclusion of a special “UN Conference To Negotiate a Legally Binding Instrument to Prohibit Nuclear Weapons,” 122 countries voted in favor of historic treaty to legally prohibit nuclear weapons. To date 23 countries have ratified it. The “Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons,” bans nuclear weapons and establishes a framework for the elimination of nuclear weapons programs – including warheads, materials, delivery systems and facilities. We call on the U.S., the only country to have ever used nuclear weapons, to endorse this treaty and to lead the way to total worldwide nuclear disarmament. 

We Repent for the Nuclear Sin-Abolish Nuclear Weapons Now

Pope Francis declared: “If we also take into account the risk of an accidental detonation as a result of error of any kind, the threat of their use, as well as their very possession is to be firmly condemned… Weapons of mass destruction, particularly nuclear weapons, create nothing but a false sense of security. They cannot constitute the basis for peaceful coexistence between members of the human family…The total elimination of nuclear weapons is “both a challenge and a moral and humanitarian imperative” of our time.  

We Repent for the Nuclear Sin-Abolish Nuclear Weapons Now

If it is wrong to possess nuclear weapons then it is wrong to use them under any circumstance. This means that any one in the military chain of command must refuse orders to ever use these or other similar murderous weapons. 

We Repent for the Nuclear Sin-Abolish Nuclear Weapons Now

Today, we witness in solidarity with all who are holding commemoration actions and events during Aug. 6-9, including in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, as well as at nuclear weapons facilities throughout the U.S. We also remember in a special way the Kings Bay Plowshares 7 who will have a pre-trial court hearing in the U.S. District Court in Brunswick, GA on Aug. 7. The KBP7 face 25 years in prison for their April 4, 2018 plowshares witness to disarm the Trident submarine program at the Kings Bay Naval Submarine Base in St. Mary’s, Georgia. 

We Repent for the Nuclear Sin-Abolish Nuclear Weapons Now

The A-Bomb Survivors (Hibakusha) plead to the world: “Humankind can’t coexist with nuclear weapons.” We invite all Pentagon workers–military and civilian–to join with us and all those worldwide who are working to abolish nuclear weapons. May the mortal sin of using nuclear weapons never be repeated again! 

We Repent for the Nuclear Sin-Abolish Nuclear Weapons Now

Published in: on August 6, 2019 at 8:17 pm  Leave a Comment